E-2 Treaty Investors
The E-2 non-immigrant classification allows a national of a treaty country (a country with which the United States maintains a treaty of commerce and navigation) to be admitted to the United States when investing a substantial amount of capital in a U.S. business.
Certain employees of such a person or of a qualifying organization may also be eligible for this classification.
Depending country reciprocity, the E visa can be issued for a maximum of 5 years.
Admission is for two year increments but renewable as long as the U.S. enterprise remains viable.
Spouse is eligible for employment authorization and may work with any U.S. employer.
Children may attend school in the U.S without having to seek an F-1 visa.
There are several major criteria to qualify for an E-2 visa:
A treaty of commerce and navigation must exist between the United States and the country in which the principal investor is a citizen of.
The investor must have invested, or be actively in the process of investing, a substantial amount of capital in a bona fide enterprise in the United States.
Be seeking to enter the United States solely to develop and direct the investment enterprise. This is established by showing at least 50% ownership of the enterprise or possession of operational control through a managerial position or other corporate device.
There must be majority ownership (at least 50%) or control of the U.S. enterprise by the investor(s) (treaty national(s)) of the treaty country through which the investor visa is sought.
Treaty Countries that Qualify for Visas
The State Department provides foreign nationals from this list of countries are eligible to obtain an E-2 Visa